Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières (BRGM)

Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières (BRGM)

Le Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières (BRGM) est l’Établissement public (EPIC) de référence pour les géosciences et la gestion durable des ressources naturelles. Il est placé sous la tutelle des ministères en charge de la Recherche, de l’Industrie et de l’Environnement.

La Nouvelle-Calédonie présente des spécificités fortes. Au plan géologique elle est formée par un des plus importants complexes de roches mantelliques au monde et constitue la troisième réserve de nickel mondiale. Au plan statutaire le pays s’engage vers une large autonomie. La maîtrise de ses richesses naturelles et de son environnement est sans doute une des clés de son destin.

Le BRGM est présent en Nouvelle-Calédonie depuis les années 50. L’antenne du BRGM est actuellement installée à Nouméa, à la vallée du Tir, dans les locaux de la Direction de l’Industrie, des Mines et de l’Énergie de Nouvelle-Calédonie (DIMENC). Outre les activités courantes de service public et de recherche et développement, le BRGM depuis 2006 est en partenariat avec le Service Géologique de Nouvelle-Calédonie (SGNC).

Plus d’information sur le site du BRGM.

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OCTA Innovation Issue 24/ 2017 – Centre National de Recherche Technologique (CNRT)

OCTA Innovation Issue 24/ 2017 – Centre National de Recherche Technologique (CNRT)


Le Centre National de Recherche Technologique (CNRT) en Nouvelle-Calédonie est un groupement d’intérêt publique, composé de 15 membres qui mandatent 15 représentants décideurs pour définir les grands objectifs du CNRT. C’est la confluence de l’industrie, de la science et des collectivités. Le CNRT est un outil opérationnel de soutien à la recherche fondamentale et appliquée sur le secteur minier en Nouvelle-Calédonie, indispensable à l’ensemble de la profession. Leur objectif est d’approfondir la connaissance de la ressource minière, et d’améliorer la valorisation tout en conservant un patrimoine naturel exceptionnel et une qualité de l’environnement compatible avec le développement économique durable et solidaire de la Nouvelle-Calédonie. Pour plus d’informations, contactez France Bailly.

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New Caledonia Environment Science mining newsletter-en Jean-Michel Le Saux

Ambitiously big “toolbox” for the entire Arctic coming soon

An extensive team of some 100 researchers is putting the final touches on three large reports focusing on the adaptations that the Arctic will have to make in response to climate change and social developments. In addition to summarizing existing knowledge in many fields of research and economic sectors, ranging from fisheries to education, the reports provide input on how to tackle the many challenges in today’s rapidly changing Arctic.

Adaptation Actions for a Changing Arctic (AACA) is the title of this ambitious project, which covers three regions: the Barents; the Bering/Chukchi/Beaufort region; and an area that encompasses Baffin Bay and the Davis Strait. Researchers in the respective regions are working parallel to describe these enormous areas.

The reports will serve as tools for decision-makers, administrators and stakeholders within diverse sectors. Socio-economists, for example, will gain an overview of current and possible future trends in the areas of economics, demography, education and culture. What kinds of drivers can be expected that will have an impact on developments in the area? How can these drivers impact each other, what kinds of changes can be anticipated and, last but not least, what can be done to achieve the maximum benefit from these developments?

Commissioned by the Arctic Council
The AACA reports were commissioned by the Arctic Council and will be dealt with at a ministerial level in 2017. The plan is for the reports to be completed by autumn 2016.

The reports are to be written by researchers and all chapters in the reports will be subjected to scientific quality assurance. But not all of the facts in the reports are scientifically documented. For instance, researchers are receiving input from the sectors involved, which in Greenland include Royal Greenland, other representatives of the fisheries sector, the mining industry, and the educational sector. The last AACA workshop for stakeholders was held as recently as February 2016 in Nuuk. Participants had an opportunity to discuss the preliminary Baffin Bay/Davis Strait area report, which is being compiled by an interdisciplinary team of Greenlandic, Danish and Canadian researchers. The project is jointly managed by the Greenland Institute of Natural Resources, Aarhus University (AU, DCE) and Canada’s ArcticNet. Contributors to the report include researchers from the Greenland Institute of Natural Resources, Aarhus University, Ilisimatusarfik (the University of Greenland), Aalborg University, the Technical University of Denmark, the University of Copenhagen, the Danish Meteorological Institute and a number of Canadian universities.

Why another major project?

Researchers are publishing a steady stream of big status reports on the Arctic: on the climate, seawater pollution, flora, fauna, the melting ice cap, oil and gas exploration, changes in permafrost, reductions in sea ice, etc.  One of the most recent is the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) Arctic Biodiversity Assessment report from 2014, which provides an exhaustive description of the current state of Arctic biodiversity. Furthermore, commissions working for the Government of Greenland have compiled a range of reports on social issues in recent years. Recommendations have been made by the Greenland-Danish Self-Government Commission, the Transport Commission, the Tax and Welfare Commission along with countless status reports on the oil and minerals that Greenland has at its disposal and many other reports that are used as tools by decision-makers.

Meanwhile, in 2014 the Arctic Council decided to integrate the many different sources of information about the Arctic and identify the interactions of multiple key drivers for change in the Arctic. This led to the launching of pilot projects in three regions, with interdisciplinary research (including natural sciences, social sciences, etc.) that is tailored to local needs and fosters a dialogue that ensures the involvement of local players. The goal of the AACA reports is “to enable more informed, timely and responsive policy-making and decision-making related to adaptation actions in a rapidly changing Arctic.”

The Arctic Council hopes that the AACA reports will provide decision-makers in the three regions with practical tools for developing new policies, thereby paving the way for a conscious adaptation to future developments.

A wealth of information
The Baffin Bay/Davis Strait area report is anticipated to contain approx. 400 pages and 12 chapters that deal with our lives all along the west coast of Greenland, from the northernmost settlement of Siorapaluk all the way to Cape Farewell, plus the north-eastern part of the Nunavut region in Canada.

In the section on the shipping situation, for example, readers can find out what can be expected when the ice in the Northwest Passage has melted sufficiently to allow commercial navigation in the area. What are the latest challenges generated by cruise ship tourism in remote areas, and what developments can we expect to see on this front?

Written in a clear and concise manner, the reports present a wealth of information gathered from papers, articles, recommendations and the like. They are an important source of the latest knowledge and indicate options that should be taken into consideration as we in Greenland face the many challenges and opportunities of the present and the future. The reports will be published after the Arctic Council Ministerial Meeting in the spring of 2017.

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EU-Polar Net: linking Europe and the Polar regions

EU-Polar Net: linking Europe and the Polar regions

EU-PolarNet aims to improve co-ordination between EU member polar research institutions building on existing networks to create a resource orientated infrastructure access and usage plan. EU-PolarNet will develop an integrated EU Polar research programme by identifying short and long-term scientific needs and optimising the use of co-ordinated Polar infrastructure for multi-platform science missions whilst fostering trans-disciplinary collaboration on Polar research.

The online platform is sharing various documents and projects, including those factsheets:

The Greeland Institute of Natural Resources is one of the 22 partners of the consortium.

Greenland blue economy news research and innovation Science Climate Change mining

Greenland’s higher education institutions in Brussels

Greenland’s higher education institutions in Brussels

Representatives of the Greenland School of Minerals and Petroleum and the Rector of University of Greenland were in Brussels on 30th November for discussion of the achievements and goals of their institutions.

The presentations drew the European Union’s attention the role that these major bodies play in bringing about innovation to the island’s economy and society.

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Greenland’s Farmers Torn Over Tapping Pristine Land for Mineral Riches

Greenland’s Farmers Torn Over Tapping Pristine Land for Mineral Riches

People in Kujalleq and other parts of southern Greenland are torn between the prospect of becoming a powerful mining region or of remaining a pristine wonderland of nature and farms. Some, however, say it can be both.

This New York Times article tells the story of those farmers who live in an area sitting atop extraordinary mineral resources: gold, nickel and zinc, as well as the rare-earth elements that are used in smartphones, electric cars, precision-guided missiles and televisions.
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Nouvelle Calédonie – Nord Avenir prend son envol

La société d’économie mixte Nord Avenir a désormais son siège social et son centre d’affaires à Koné. Les nouveaux locaux ont été inaugurés ce vendredi. Pour la province Nord, l’enjeu est désormais de consolider le pôle de diversification économique.

Avec un chiffre d’affaire de 4 milliards de francs CFP, la province Nord détient 85% du capital de Nord Avenir; les 15% restants sont répartis à parts égales entre ses différentes sociétés anonymes d’économie mixte locale. Dans son fondement de départ, l’idée de ce pôle de diversification économique est de pallier les carences de la démarche privée et de soutenir les initiatives économiques dans leur développement. « Nous avons ainsi en gestion une cinquantaine de sociétés », souligne Victor Tutugoro, le Président du Conseil d’Administration de Nord Avenir, « on compte au total cinq cent salariés ».

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New Caledonia mining
Nouvelle Calédonie – La SLN et le nickel calédonien

Nouvelle Calédonie – La SLN et le nickel calédonien

Le Président du Conseil d’administration de la Société Le Nickel est à Paris. Pierre Gugliermina défend le projet de nouvelle centrale électrique de l’usine de Nouméa, avec conviction.

La 1ère.fr: Comment vivez-vous la crise actuelle du nickel ?
Pierre Gugliermina : Je suis dans une posture positive. Un chef d’entreprise a forcément des inquiétudes, son rôle est d’énumérer les dangers et de trouver le moyen de les écarter. La SLN a 135 ans d’existence, est-elle menacée ? Oui, mais au même titre que n’importe quelle entreprise. Nous avons une stratégie, des plans d’action qui nous permettent de croire en l’avenir du nickel calédonien. Les cours du métal ne reviendront pas à des niveaux spectaculaires, mais il y aura un rebond. La SLN calédonienne est viable sur le long terme.

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