Smart Community Aruba

Smart Community Aruba

 

The nature of the project, Smart Community Aruba, Kibaima, is that of a living lab, where sustainable ideas can find a practical application while their viability is assessed.

Through real-life testing and demonstration, Smart Community Aruba will involve its residents in moving applied sustainable technologies from concepts to practical application.

The key objective is knowledge development relating to scalable technology solutions and business models to help make Aruba’s transition to sustainable energy a reality.

 

 

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OCTA Innovation Issue 8 / 2017 –  Aruba

OCTA Innovation Issue 8 / 2017 – Aruba

The European Commission has signed a pilot project for Aruba. The innovative project, which engages a new generation, will give schoolchildren on the island the opportunity to gain practical experience of 3-D technology. The project has been greatly enabled by the dedication and enthusiasm of Bianca Peters who is our Innovation Manager in Aruba and Director of the Bureau of Innovation.

The Bureau of Innovation is a unique mix of creative think-tank and project development within Aruba’s Ministry of General Affairs, Innovation, Sustainable Development and Science. It has already been given OCTA Innovation BIC ‘Business, Innovation and Creativity’ Award for its outstanding support to social, technical and economic innovation.

Says Bianca Peters: “Within the vision of Aruba to become a 100% sustainable society, we see the need to focus on start-ups, on young entrepreneurs who think outside the box and find solutions to challenges in the development towards a sustainable society. A very important development for Aruba is to give the younger generation and recent graduates the opportunity to remain in Aruba to exploit their creativity and build on them thereby a future here.”
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OCTA Innovation Issue 7 / 2017 –  Bonaire

OCTA Innovation Issue 7 / 2017 – Bonaire

The European Commission has signed a pilot project for Bonaire.

Dianne Boelmans, our Innovation Manager, who is an advisor wthin the government of Bonaire, has played a major role in bringing the pilot project to fruition, as well as mobilising all stakeholders behind innovation and steering other activities of OCTA Innovation on the island.

The pilot project is a collaboration between Bonaire and Wageningen University and Research Centre (WUR), a leading institution in this field. It will assist the implementation of bio-technology for stand-alone production of algal products, consequently increasing food production, generating income and jobs and diversifying the economy.
Vendredi 17 février dernier, le BRUZZ consacré à Saint-Barthélemy lors de l’évènement Saint-Barth Smart Island a permis de bien présenter ce Pays et Territoire d’Outremer (PTOM) des Caraïbes et ses enjeux actuels au public de Bruxelles. Le succès de ce BRUZZ a ainsi mis l’accent sur le caractère unique de cette île et aussi de renforcer les liens entre les PTOM et l’Union Européenne, comme en témoigne la participation exceptionnelle des fonctionnaires européens.

 

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OCTA Innovation Issue 6 / 2017 –  St Barthélemy

OCTA Innovation Issue 6 / 2017 – St Barthélemy

Vendredi 17 février dernier, le BRUZZ consacré à Saint-Barthélemy lors de l’évènement Saint-Barth Smart Island a permis de bien présenter ce Pays et Territoire d’Outremer (PTOM) des Caraïbes et ses enjeux actuels au public de Bruxelles. Le succès de ce BRUZZ a ainsi mis l’accent sur le caractère unique de cette île et aussi de renforcer les liens entre les PTOM et l’Union Européenne, comme en témoigne la participation exceptionnelle des fonctionnaires européens.

Cet évènement, mélange entre évènement en ligne et évènement sur place, a ainsi donné de la visibilité ce PTOM. Le Président Bruno Magras, le Vice-Président Nils Dufau et le Directeur de l’Innovation Pascal Peuchot nous ont remercié des très bons échanges et de l’excellent déroulement de cette conférence transatlantique.

Nous vous encourageons à saisir l’opportunité offerte par les BRUZZ et à discuter avec les autorités de votre PTOM, mais aussi avec tous les intervenants de l’innovation du secteur privé, pour identifier les sujets pertinents qui peuvent être abordés et diffusés au cours de l’évènement dédié à votre PTOM. De notre côté, grâce à l’audience à Bruxelles, au webstream et à notre système d’information électronique, nous pouvons vous permettre d’accéder à un succès de ce partage !

 

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OCTA Innovation Issue 5 / 2017 –  St Barthélemy

OCTA Innovation Issue 5 / 2017 – St Barthélemy

Le Président Bruno Magras de la Collectivité d’Outre-Mer de Saint-Barthélemy, accompagné de ses hauts collaborateurs, vient débattre avec l’audience de Bruxelles lors du BRUZZ du 17 février sur les sujets de l’innovation dans cette ile dans différents secteurs tels que le tourisme de luxe, le développement numérique, l’élargissement de l’accès aux nouvelles technologies, l’utilisation des énergies vertes, les véhicules électriques et l’énergie solaire, l’accroissement des créneaux d’opportunités commerciales et le partage des connaissances.

Le Président Magras et son équipe vont particulièrement présenter «Saint-Barth Smart Island» l’évènement numérique de la Chambre économique multi-professionnelle consacrée cette année aux «séjours connectés» autour des thèmes de l’innovation numérique et du tourisme.

En direct depuis Bruxelles: Hannah Cole, Chef d’Unité adjoint, DEVCO G2 Interventions régionales, Amérique latine continentale et Caraïbes ; Milan Jezic von Gesseneck, Directeur de projet, OCTA Innovation. En direct depuis Saint-Barthélemy : Bruno Magras, Président de la Collectivité d’Outre-Mer de Saint-Barthélemy ; Pascal Peuchot, Directeur de l’Innovation, Saint-Barthélemy ; Nadège Carti-Sinnan, Directrice Générale, Chambre économique multi-professionnelle. http://octa-innovation.eu/bruzz

 

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«3ème Révolution industrielle »

«3ème Révolution industrielle »

 

Lorsqu’on parle d’innovation le risque serait de surestimer la part de la technologie. Or, dans une entreprise, l’innovation réside autant dans le design, l’exploitation des données ou le modèle d’affaires que dans la technologie à proprement parler, qui est aujourd’hui largement banalisée par l’open source et les plates- formes de cloud computing. Un changement de paradigme d’autant plus urgent, qu’on assiste aujourd’hui à une nouvelle révolution accompagnée par l’essor du Très Haut Débit, celle de la fabrication additive (fabrication numérique, prototypage 3D…) et de l’Open innovation. Très largement en marche, elle va révolutionner en profondeur notre façon de produire, de penser et de vivre ensemble.

Ainsi dans une approche de développement durable, les consommateurs se transforment en producteurs grâce aux outils de fabrication numérique mis à disposition dans ces lieux d’innovation collaborative que sont les «Living-Labs», les espaces de «Coworking», les «FabLabs», les «Hackershops», les «Makerspaces», etc.

Les expériences développées en France (Paris, Toulouse, Saint-Jean-De-Luz sur la Côte basque…), en Europe (Barcelone, Bilbao, Santander, Amsterdam, Stockholm…) et dans le monde (Montréal, Singapour…) s’inscrivent résolument dans cette dynamique pour accompagner d’une part, ces ruptures technologiques, d’autre part, ces mutations économiques et enfin ces nouveaux modèles de société en construction… Si ces expériences, préfigurent la «3ème Révolution industrielle » annoncée par le prospectiviste américain Jeremy RIFKIN, elles sont aussi des modèles pour le développement des PTOM à l’instar de ce que souhaite aujourd’hui construire Saint-Pierre et Miquelon.

 

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TCI: Supporting Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises

TCI: Supporting Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises

 

The Turks and Caicos Islands (TCI) government, in pursuing its goal of reestablishing the small and medium business sector as a national priority, in Nov 2015 passed a new Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise (MSME) Bill, which encourages the establishment of new businesses as well as lend the much needed support to those currently in operation.

Premier and minister of health, agriculture and human services, Dr Rufus Ewing, who led on the development of the SME initiative noted “The priority areas identified in the bill are also significant as we seek to diversify our economic activity from over reliance on Tourism as the bread basket of the country and to strategically develop national food security to enable a reduction on dependency on imports. But we know that tourism is currently our most lucrative market and as Turks and Caicos Islanders, we need to be positioned to benefit from the financial gains and that can be done by setting up our own businesses and offering attractions that tourists can participate in.

Manufacturing is an untapped frontier of enterprise in the TCI. An evolution has begun in recent times with a gradual shift towards this type of industry fed by high demand through the visiting tourists and the close proximity to major markets. The market for products made locally has grown in tandem with the vast economic and tourism development that has occurred in the islands. The tourism sector, which brings over 1 million visitors a year, provides a regular demand for local goods, from food and drink to souvenirs, from construction materials to items of furniture and interior design. The favourable tax laws in TCI provide significant benefits to TCI based light manufacturing. TCI Government is beginning to explore the introduction of green technologies to the islands and wishes to encourage private sector developers to pursue manufacturing projects in this field.

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Off-Grid Electrification in Rural Areas

Many countries in the world have very low electrification rates, meaning that only a small part of the population has actually access to electrical energy. This has severe consequences for the rural population: Often kerosene lamps are used for lightning which bear a tremendous health risk when inhaling kerosene fumes, leading to diseases like pneumonia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer or tuberculosis [3].

Furthermore, light is a primary requirement for education after sunset, a most important factor for economic growth and sustainability [1]. In addition, electricity allows to reload mobile phones, operational nearly all over the globe, providing for information, communication and news, as do radio and TV sets. If the power source is strong enough to operate tools and machinery, then small work shops can be operated and allow for economic autarky and self-sufficiency.

In order to achieve the global targets for energy access of the millennium development goals (MDG), it was required to provide access to about 1.2 billion additional people in developing countries by 2015 [2].

Many governments strive to increase their population’s electrification rate based on renewables. Return of investment for electrification with grid bound power lines is often not economically viable in low income regions. Thus, for these economic reasons, off-grid installations of solar home systems (SHS) are integral part of electrification plans, backed by the fact that solar energy is often excessively available.

One component of an off-grid installation, transforming primary DC energy into required AC voltage, is the inverter. This project aims at replacing this most expensive and technologically weakest component of a solar home system.

The AC power grid generally alternates with sinusoidal voltage at a frequency of 50 Hz. Inverters generate a high frequency (HF) pulse-width-modulated (PWM) signal in order to switch power semiconductors, creating a HF power signal from e.g. photovoltaic (PV) panels or a battery. This HF power signal is turned into a sinusoidal 50Hz signal by a low pass filter (reactance or transformer) at the inverter’s output clamps.

The pulse width modulated signal is usually generated based on software implemented algorithms, executed on an embedded micro controller or digital signal processor. Mostly, due to the required execution speed of the generated HF signal, field programmable gate arrays (FPGA) are used. Inverters are to date a very complex technology with several thousand components, integrated circuits and are usually not repairable.

The technology proposed in this document reverts to an optical-mechanical principle for the generation of inverter PWM signals for power switches, allowing to greatly reduce the overall system complexity.

2 Technology

An inverter needs to generate a PWM signal for the power switches, in order to create a sinusoidal voltage form behind an inductive low pass filter (e.g. a transformer).

An alternative way of generating a PWM signal has been developed by an opto-mechanic procedure. The op- tical signal is exploited by a photosensitive transistor, which provides the electrical PWM signal. It is important to note that the new procedure allows the independent adaptation of two separate parameters of the sinusoidal signal, frequency and magnitude, which is most important for a controlled operation.

2.1 Status

A proof of concept (PoC) has been physically built and the functionality has been verified in laboratory. The gen- erated and measured PWM signal is shown in Figure 2.

Fig. 1: PWM Signal and Sinus

The top yellow curve shows the generated pulse signal
and the bottom blue curve shows the sinus that can be generated with the PWM signal, through filtering by a low pass RC element. In Figure 2a it is visible how the width of the pulses change (yellow curve), leading to an increase of the amplitude of the generated sinusoidal signal (blue).

Figure 2b shows multiple cycles and illustrates the generation of a sinusoidal signal. The gaps in the pulse curve are due to a flaw in the produced PoC model, leading to a slight deformation of the sinusoidal curve, an issue which can be easily addressed.

1

2 Technology

2

(a) Close Up PWM

(b) Multiple Cycles

Fig. 2: Measurements

It can be concluded, that the generation of a sinusoidal curve with a pulse width modulated signal can be performed with an opto-mechanical setup. The PoC proves that the pattern can be generated without a digital processor and high speed or software controlled electronics.

2.2 Steps to be Taken

The PoC shows that a central component of an inverter can be replaced with a much simpler, opto-mechanical technology. In order to derive a full inverter, also the remaining components need to be integrated with a technologically simplistic approach. Figure 3 illustrates the components and development fields.

In a first step, only a single phase opto-mechanic inverter (OMI) shall be developed, which can be extended to a three phase system in a later stage.

2.2.1 PWM Generator

The opto-mechanical PWM generation has already been de- veloped and proved feasible. But in order to have a reliable system, all components should be revised and be selected with respect to a reliable and durable operation.

2.2.2 Power switches

In order to turn the PWM signal into a power signal, power semiconductors need to be integrated to the inverter. Guid- ing principle must be the simplicity of the approach. As usually half-bridges are used, a power electronic design has to be derived which is based on standard components and reduces the control circuitry and protection circuitry to an absolute minimum. As the PWM signal frequency will be below a threshold of e.g. 4kHz, no high speed components are needed. A simple system for the mutual exclusion of up- per and lower transistor of the half bridge must be developed and the circuitry should work with an already available con- trol voltage.

2.2.3 Reactor Coil

Primary Power

Opto-Mechanical Inverter

PWM Signal

opto-mechanical PWM Generation

magneto-mech. feedback loop

Light Beam Positioning

Power Signal

Power Switches

DC Source

Low pass filter (reactor coil)

AC Voltage

A generated power signal needs to be filtered through a low pass filter reactance. Generally this can be a transformer with a rated secondary voltage of e.g. 230V. A suitable output coil has to be selected.

2.2.4 Feedback Control

In the PWM generator frequency and voltage magnitude can be controlled through rotation speed and light beam position. A suitable and durable motor for disk spinning has to be selected and be set to a fixed frequency. Depending on the output voltage, a magnetic or mechanic positioning of the light beam must be derived with a feedback loop. For this purpose

Consumer Load

Fig. 3: OMI Components

3 Advantages 3 a detailed physical, dynamic control model has to be developed, allowing for selecting correct component dimensions and

values. This sector is currently work in progress.

2.2.5 System Integration and Test

All components need to be integrated into a single inverter system and be subdued to extensive testing.

3 Advantages

Integrating the opto-mechanic PWM generator into an inverter could lead to a system with several advantages:

Less Components An opto-mechanic realisation reduces the number of components from several thousands to a few hundreds.

Cheaper Production Absence of expensive parts (controller, FPGA, ADC) leads to leaner production and low material costs.

Potentially Higher Reliability Fewer components will have less risk of failing parts and may thus rise overall system reliability

Repairability As no integrated circuits are used and mechanical parts are easy to understand, a trained technician will be able to repair such an inverter, whilst nowadays available inverters are not repairable at all in situ.

Longer Lifetime Particularly in remote or environmentally hostile locations repairs could be executed by local personnel. The repairability allows for replacement of single components and thus extends the life time of the complete system.

Economic Self-Sufficiency As the technology may be copied with very simple means, a sustainable knowledge transfer can be considered to regions, where primary solar energy is often excessively available, thus fostering self-sufficient economies.

Local Production Apart from the power semiconductors, most parts can be obtained from national manufacturers. 4 Project Collaboration

The World Bank analyses, that paying attention to the quality of both products and services can lead to reduced costs, as warranty repair and replacements can be expensive. And further, that community owned projects are more likely to attract private investors. Thus maintenance and repairability of the installation have a large impact on project success as the community based model requires substantial technical assistance in design, training and social organisation [3].

Sri Lanka had the Renewable Energy for Rural Economic Development Project (REREDP), running from 2002 to 2011, and was closed in December 2011 with a “Highly Satisfactory” rating from the donor agency International Development Association of the World Bank. In total 6,220 community based households were electrified with off-grid installations, and 110,575 household based off-grid installations of solar home systems have been installed (www.energyservices.lk).

According to the World Bank, the project fostered and promoted innate entrepreneurship in Sri Lanka’s energy sector. The projects have promoted private sector and community led implementation as well as touched on several key socioeconomic aspects critical to economic development such as productive use and reliance on indigenous energy resources and improvement of social delivery services in rural areas through community mobilisation and asset creation. Entrepreneurs who started in this industry are now well established enough to undertake similar projects in African countries, creating an export potential for Sri Lanka (http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2012/05/16/SriLanka-renewable-energ-rural-economic-development).

A collaboration is sought, in order to finish the development of the PoC into a final inverter product and in order to penetrate a target market to be identified.

For more detailed information, technical specification and current project status of the opto-mechanic inverter (OMI), please contact

Markus Jostock Flurgartenstr. 9
54340 Leiwen
Germany
Email: omi@jostock.net

References

[1] Gunther Bensch, Jörg P. Jochen Kluve K. Jochen Kluve: Impacts of Rural Electrification in Rwanda / Institute for the Study of Labor. 2011 (IZA DP No. 6195). – Forschungsbericht

[2] Gwénaëlle Legros, Nigel Bruce Sophie B. Ines Havet H. Ines Havet: UNDP-WHO report on energy access in developing countries / United Nations Development Programme. 2009. – Forschungsbericht

[3] Saghir, Jamal: Designing Sustainable Off-Grid Rural Electrification Projects: Principles and Guidelines / The World Bank, Washington DC. 2008. – Forschungsbericht

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OCTA Innovation Issue 24 / 2016 – Smart Communities

OCTA Innovation Issue 24 / 2016 – Smart Communities

 

OCTA Innovation is seeking EU funding opportunities that OCTs have the very best chances of securing. These projects are in various sectors and have the potential to boost business know-how, creative talents, well-being and economic prosperity in OCTs. We are working with OCT stakeholders, providing tailored information about new EU funding opportunities and coaching them through the application process. Details about these programmes, and results of OCT participation, can be found here. The involvement of OCTs in larger-scale EU programmes is another priority. Debra Percival is your source for EU funding information.

Small-scale programmes of benefit to OCTs include mentorships for new business entrepreneurs, support for SME start-ups, and vocational training exchanges for OCT nationals in other EU member states. Large-scale EU programmes in line with the innovation priorities of some OCTs include Smart energy grids and storage to boost energy supply from renewables and Smart transport systems to increase use of electric cars. One of the latest EU programme calls is Smart Communities, a programme that is supporting integrated schemes of smart energy grids, transport and ICT for the more sustainable communities of tomorrow.

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